Sports Injury Procedures 

Sports Injuries & Trauma can have a profound impact on athletes and physically active individuals, potentially sidelining them from the activities they enjoy. Our page is dedicated to understanding, treating, and rehabilitating sports-related injuries and trauma, with a focus on returning you to your peak physical condition. We explore effective strategies for recovery and prevention, ensuring you receive comprehensive care tailored to your specific athletic needs. Me Edwards is the Chief Medical Officer at one of the professional Rugby League clubs of the area (Hull FC) and a member of the medical team at an amateur rugby union club (Hull Ionians RFUC) and has been a doctor to Yorkshire County Senior 1sts rugby team. He has the IMMOFP certificate to be the pitchside medic for the RFL and as such assess injuries sustained on the sports field. Having collaborated with a like-minded physiotherapist in opening an Acute Sports Injuries Clinic at the Spire Hull and East Riding Hospital, he is closely involved with the physiotherapy and sports therapy clinics at Flex-Health Hull and Rehab and Recover physiotherapy, Hull. 

Articular Cartilage Injury 

A full thickness cartilage injury with underlying bone is called an osteochondral fracture. The fragment can remain in place or be displaced into the joint. Occasionally it can be repaired, but more often the fragment needs to be removed. The defect may fill by itself, but when it does not, cartilage grafting may be required. Mr Edwards has used the semi-synthetic graft from Finceramica (MaioRegen®) to treat these cartilage defects. Some cartilage defects develop over time rather than acute injury.  
These are treated by chondroplasty – removing the fragmented and fibrillated cartilage and smoothing the uneven surface either with an abrasion or a radiofrequency ablation technique. Microfracture is the next line of treatment where after abrasion of the defect, a number of 1mm holes are made into the prepared surface inorder for new cells from the bone to attempt to fill the defect with cartilage. If these techniques are not successful the MaioRegen® graft may be appropriate. 

Knee Ligament Injury 

Having a knee ligament injury in an active or sports person can have very significant consequences to that person’s ability to continue to participate in their chosen activity. Damage to the ACL is the most common injury that requires surgery. Medial ligament (MCL) injuries most often can be treated in a brace without the need for surgery. Lateral ligament injuries are usually more complex and often require repair or reconstruction. Posterior cruciate ligament injuries are relatively uncommon and often do not prevent the injured person from recovering to a similar pre-injury level without surgery. Occasionally this is not the case, especially if other ligaments are involved. 
When cruciate ligament injury results in knee instability there is the potential for further knee trauma if the person continues to participate in the same physical activities. Mr Edwards uses a variety of graft reconstruction techniques geared to the individual’s knee and physical demands. Autograft hamstring tendon is Mr. Edwards’ most common choice of graft, but he also uses the bone – patella tendon – bone graft and in certain circumstances, donor graft tissue as necessary. Ligament reconstruction may require urgent attention in the case of lateral ligament complex injuries, but for other ligament reconstruction a planned operation when the acute injury phase is over is more appropriate. 

Anterior Knee Pain 

If you suffer from anterior knee pain it can make a significant impact on your ability to exercise. In most cases there is overload of the patello-femoral joint that with the correct exercise regimen can be overcome. Occasionally a knee brace or taping is required. Injections of PRP for patella tendinopathies may be necessary and surgery can be contemplated if required. Arthroscopic treatments for maltracking and cartilage injuries many be necessary in some patients. 

Patella Dislocations 

Acute disclocation of the patella is very painful and traumatic to the patient. It can be accompanied by significant damage to the ligament that acts to stabilise the patella on the medial side (MPFL) and chondral (or osteochondral) injuries. Treatment often requires MPFL repair or reconstruction using a graft as well as treatment to the chondral surface of the patella or femur. Mr. Edwards may elect to undertake an MPFL advancement along with release of the lateral retinaculum or in some cases a tendon graft augmentation of the MPFL. Cartilage treatments can include debridement, microfracture, direct repair or grafting. 

PRP Injections for Tendinopathies 

Pain related to inflammation of tendons frequently affect sports people as well as less active people. If physiotherapy and functional modifications fail to relieve the pain, Mr Edwards may consider the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection. This is an injection of the patient’s own blood which has been separated by centrifuge in order to siphon off the platelet portion. These cells contain numerous chemical factors that promote a healing response. The evidence for its efficacy is still patchy and NICE guidance recommends patients are followed closely for audit and governance purposes. 

Hip & Groin Pain 

Groin pain in sports people can be a difficult condition to firstly diagnose and then to treat appropriately. Groin pain can be due to hernias, tendinopathies or hip joint problems along with osetiitis pubis, snapping rectus femoris tendon and a number of other conditions. Getting the diagnosis correct is key of course. If the condition is within the hip this may be amenable to hip arthroscopic treatments. 

Hip Arthroscopy 

Hip arthroscopy has been undertaken for many years, but its efficacy has only recently been proven. “Femero-acetabular impingement” (FAI) as a source of hip pain and labral injury has been recently recognised in the world literature, and its treatment arthroscopically has yielded good results. Conditions treated arthroscopically by Mr Edwards include FAI, labral tear (repair or debridement), synovitis and loose bodies within the hip. In addition, isolated chondral lesions on the femoral or acetabular articular surfaces can also be treated arthroscopically with debridement, ablation or microfracture, and refractory trochanteric pain syndromes that have failed conservative measures may be treated arthroscopically. 
Sports people can suffer from tears to the labrum of the hip joint. This tissue is similar to the meniscus cartilage of the knee and can be acutely torn or suffer from degenerative tears. Arthroscopic treatment would aim to repair the torn labrum or debride the unstable portion. Other acute injuries that may be amenable to hip arthroscopy include chondral defects (lining cartilage), ligamentum flavum tears and hip impingement. 
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